MABHU-BAK. SI The 24 Upabans : Gokul, Gobardhan, Barsana, Nand-g&nw, Sanket, Para- madra, Aring, Sessai, Mat, Uncha-ganw, Khel-ban, Sri-kund, G-andharv-ban, Parsoli, Bilchhu, Bachh-ban, Adi-badri, Karahla, Ajnokh, Pisaya, Kokila-ban, Dadhi-ganw, Kot-ban, and Raval. This list bears internal evidence of some antiquity in its want of close correspondence with existing facts ; since several of the places, though retaining their traditionary repute, have now nothing that can be dignified with the name either of wood or grove ; while others are known only by the villagers in the immediate neighbourhood and have been supplanted in popular estimation by rival sites of more easy access or greater natural attractions. Starting from Mathura, the pilgrims made their first halt at Madhu-ban, in the village of Maholi, some four or five miles to the south-west of the city. Here, according to the Puranas, Rama's brother, Satrughna, after hewing down the forest stronghold of the giant Madhu, founded on its site the town of Madhu-purL All native scholars regard this as merely another name for Mathura, regardless of the fact that the locality is several miles from the river, while Mathura has a1 ways, from the earliest period, been described as situate on its immediate bank. The confusion, between the two places runs apparently through the whole of classical Sanskrit literature; as, for example, in the Harivansa (Canto 95) we find the city founded by Satrughna distinctly called, not Madhu-puri, but Mathura, which Bhima, the king of G-obardhan, is repre- sented as annexing : — ss : a " When Sumitra's delight, prince Satraghna, had killed Lavana, he cat down iihe forest of Madhu, and in the place of that Madhu-ban founded the present city of Mathura. Then, after Rama and Bharata had leffe the world, and the two sons of Sumitr& had taken their place in heaven, Bhima, in order to consolidate Ms dominions, brought the city, which had formerly been inde- pendent, under ihe sway of Ms own family." a.